Forests and farmland, land use and landscapes are the basis of much of the global economy, and they are even more important to those who live in them and live off them. But ever-increasing levels of external investment are making huge impacts — positive and negative.
To shift the balance in favor of beneficial outcomes, growing attention is now focusing on sustainable business models that include more responsible finance, and that are inclusive of men, women and youth in local communities and indigenous peoples.
This complex topic needs to be addressed urgently, and strategically. Different actors and sectors hold pieces of the puzzle, but many are not automatically connected to each other or to wider networks. The overriding question is “How can investing in sustainable land use and land management be made more inclusive of smallholder and community needs while remaining attractive to investors?” Over the last years TBI has conducted various initiatives to increase our understanding and give possible answers to this question.
On this page you will find links to publications, interview articles, news items and external resources, and more. We will continue our work and share our findings through regular updates on this site. So, come back soon to find out more!
Integrated landscape initiatives have shown promising potential to mobilize and support diverse stakeholders across sectors to work jointly toward shared objectives. However, few integrated landscape initiatives have had access to the finance needed to achieve their goals. There is a clear mismatch between the supply side of private “impact investors” and the demand side of sustainable land-use investments on the ground.
TBI members in Ghana and Indonesia studied landscape-level financial flows to understand how they can better contribute to livelihood and environmental objectives. In Indonesia, the study had an additional and unexpected positive effect.
Financial institutions are often reluctant to provide loans to small and medium-sized enterprises in the forestry and agroforestry sectors. To change this, TBI provides them with information that shows the benefits of investing in these businesses.
Villages in Indonesia that have obtained a social forestry permit are allowed to develop enterprises, called social forestry business units (KUPS), so they can benefit from the forest while also protecting it. For further development after being established, with the village government’s decision letter the KUPS can access Bangpesona grants from the Directorate General of Social Forestry and Environmental Partnership, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry.
Of a total of around 570 million farms in the world, more than 80% are smaller than two hectares. Hundreds of millions of these smallholders depend on agriculture and forestry for their livelihoods, and produce more than half of the world’s food. They have the potential to play a key role in achieving inclusive and climate-smart development. Currently, however, many of these smallholders live below the poverty line and are highly vulnerable to climate change. They are a sleeping giant, whose potential can be unleashed by helping them to improve their production and economic viability. But for this they need funding to invest in sustainable production practices, organization, access to information and markets, and the development of small and medium enterprises.
The eDialogue “Scaling up innovative finance for sustainable landscapes” organized by CGIAR FTA, CIFOR and Tropenbos International concluded this week with a Digital Summit “Barriers to inclusive finance in a context of sustainable landscapes” in which three of the outstanding eDialogue participants explained their particular experiences in facing barriers to sustainable landscapes finance. Through their debate, possibilities for such experiences to be applied in other parts of the tropics or scaled up were analyzed, to an online audience who posed very relevant questions.
Agriculture, forestry and other land uses are central to the implementation of the sustainable development goals (SDGs). They may also contribute up to 20% of emission reductions needed to achieve the Paris mitigation target, and nearly 60% of food production is produced by smallholders (<20 ha) many of whom are vulnerable to climate change.
Agriculture and forestry are central to the realization of the Sustainable Development Goals. Nearly 60% of food production is produced by smallholders. Small and medium-sized enterprises also play an important role along the value chain in facilitating the economic viability of smallholder agriculture and forestry activities. All of them need sophisticated financial mechanisms to shift towards more sustainable practices. Unfortunately, as of today, less than 3% of climate and conservation finance is assigned to agriculture and forestry, and only a small proportion of this actually reaches the smallholders. This is an issue and a growing concern, as they are by far the largest food producers of the world.
Continuing the series of interviews on inclusive landscape finance, Tevis Howard, founding director of Komaza, shares his insights with Bas Louman of Tropenbos International.
Continuing the interview series on inclusive landscape finance, we hear from Marthe Tollenaar and MaryKate Bullen of New Forests, an Australia-based fund management company with more than A$5 billion invested in sustainable leading-edge forestry, land management, and conservation projects in the Asia-Pacific region and the United States.
Continuing the interview series on inclusive landscape finance, three members of the Association of Forest Communities of the Peten (ACOFOP) Guatemala share their insights with Bas Louman of Tropenbos International.
Continuing the interview series on inclusive landscape finance, Paul Hol, CEO of FORM International, shares his views on what is already being achieved and, more importantly, what still needs to be done to attract more investment for reforestation of degraded forest landscapes.
As part of the “Innovative finance for sustainable landscapes” interview series, Noemi Perez, an inclusive finance and investment specialist, with extensive experience with key issues gained from work in both the private and public sectors, spoke with Tropenbos International’s Nick Pasiecznik.
Benjamin Singer of the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) Secretariat shares his views on inclusive landscape finance in the latest of this new interview series. He brings a decade of experience from his role in implementing the UNFF’s Global Forest Financing Facilitation Network to the discussion. Here he reflects on using public funds to assist developing countries in their efforts to mobilize finance for sustainable forest management.
In this second edition of the “Innovative finance for sustainable landscapes” interview series, we hear from two sustainable finance experts from the Netherlands Development Finance Company (FMO).
As part of the “Innovative finance for sustainable landscapes” interview series, the International Institute for Environment and Development’s (IIED) Forest Team Leader Duncan Macqueen spoke with Tropenbos International’s Nick Pasiecznik on increasing finance and investment in sustainable forestry and farming for smallholders.
During the latest Global Landscape Forum, CGIAR FTA, Tropenbos International and CIFOR organized the session “Innovating Finance to Overcome Current Barriers Towards Sustainable Landscapes”.
During the latest edition of Global Landscape Forum (GLF) in Bonn 2019, a plenary on landscape finance was held where different experts discussed about the emerging strategies and models for financing landscape investment at scale, including design features that benefit smallholders and local communities, as well as biodiversity and climate goals.